Criminal law regulates actions in society to protect the overall society and provides sanctions against those who commit crimes. Each jurisdiction has a body of criminal law.
The criminal law is divided into:
- Appellate crime: Legal errors and miscarriages of justice which can be tested by higher courts;
- Indictable crime: Criminal charges but not limited to including homicide, sexual offences, terrorism and drug importation;
- Summary crime: They are considered less severe offences which can be heard by magistrate by sitting alone instead of a judge or a jury, offences such as – road traffic offenses, offensive behaviour, minor assaults etc are considered as summary crime; and
- Youth crime: Offenses committed by minors who are called juveniles and are under 18 at the time of hearing of the crime, swift and consistent punishment for offences can help reduce the incidence of crime, after serving their sentence, young offenders receive support aimed at preventing re-offending.
It is important to note that the law is updated regularly to add offenses which might be detrimental to societal well-being.
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