FRAUD & THEFT OFFENCES
Generally, fraud involves doing something to someone, that is dishonest, to obtain an advantage or cause a detriment. Some common dishonesty offences include:
- Counterfeit currency;
- Childcare and other benefit schemes;
- Money laundering;
- Bribery and corruption;
- Making false or misleading statements;
- Dishonest use of position and corporate fraud;
- Credit card fraud;
- Taxation and GST fraud; and
- Social security fraud.
Most possibly, a fraud case involves ‘applying’ the property of another person for one’s own benefit in an insincere or unfair manner. The term ‘applied’ means using or taking over another person’s property for your own benefits. It must have been done knowingly, intentionally and dishonestly.
The term ‘property’ under this offence has a wide scope and includes not just physical property, such as hard cash or buildings, but also everything that is qualified of being the subject of ownership, such as credit cards, stocks or bonds, animals, and plants.
In fraud cases, most important factor, when the court decides the sentence, is the ‘quantum’ or value of the fraud.